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It seems that the people of this civilization worshipped Quetzalcoatl as a vegetation god, a deity of the earth and water that was closely connected to Tlaloc, a rain god . QUETZALCOATL was one of the most powerful and multifaceted gods in Mesoamerican religions. Over the East presides the Red Tezcatlipoca, Xipe Totec, the god of gold, farming and springtime. A feathered serpent deity has been worshipped by many different ethno-political groups in Mesoamerican history. as an aztec deity, he was one of four sons of the creator god ometeotl, associated with the wind god, and the patron god of arts and knowledge. Franciscans such as Toribio de Benavente "Motolinia" saw elements of Christianity in the pre-Columbian religions and therefore believed that Mesoamerica had been evangelized before, possibly by Thomas the Apostle, who, according to legend, had "gone to preach beyond the Ganges". It appeared the Mesoamericans recognized this link when they observed a particular “star,” the planet Venus. In the Postclassic period (900–1519 AD), the worship of the feathered-serpent deity centred in the primary Mexican religious center of Cholula. Members of this confederacy from Tlaxcala, Puebla, and Oaxaca provided the Spaniards with the army that first reclaimed the city of Cholula from its pro-Aztec ruling faction, and ultimately defeated the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan (Mexico City). He was one of the most human-loving of the gods in the Aztec pantheon. His older brothers were Xipe Totec and Tezcatlipoca while his younger brother was Huitzilopochtli. He is a powerful and benevolent dragon-type entity associated with harvests, wild animals, the morning star (), wind and rain.He is also a god of learning, reading, and books. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. In the example from Yaxchilan, the Vision Serpent has the human face of the young maize god, further suggesting a connection to fertility and vegetational renewal; the Maya Young Maize god was also connected to Venus. [36] However, in 1892 one president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, John Taylor, wrote:[37]. On the basis of the different symbolic systems used in portrayals of the feathered serpent deity in different cultures and periods scholars have interpreted the religious and symbolic meaning of the feathered serpent deity in Mesoamerican cultures. He was known as the inventor of books and the calendar, the giver of maize (corn) to mankind, and sometimes as a symbol of death and resurrection. The date 9 Wind is known to be associated with fertility, Venus and war among the Maya and frequently occurs in relation to Quetzalcoatl in other Mesoamerican cultures. The great Quetzalcoatl would since be remembered as the ruler and exemplary politician, civilizing hero, inventor of the calendar, discoverer of corn, master farmer, inventor of the art of casting metals, carver of precious stones, judge, lawyer, king of the Toltecs and a God who managed to unify the new world. In one version of the story he is one of the 400 children of the snake-skirted goddess Coatlicue. Omissions? Other parties have also promulgated the idea that the Mesoamericans believed the conquistadors, and in particular Cortés, to be awaited gods: most notably the historians of the Franciscan order such as Fray Gerónimo de Mendieta. He sometimes appeared as a pale man with a beard. They were like the Greeks and Romans to the Egyptians. Over the West presides the White Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl, the god of light, justice, mercy and wind. This would lead some to believe that both Quetzalcoatl, and Kukulcan were indeed the same deity, or man as it may be the … To get the long iridescent feathers, they had to capture the bird and then release it. [39], Quetzalcoatl was fictionalized in the 1982 film Q as a monster that terrorizes New York City. This talisman was a conch shell cut at the cross-section and was likely worn as a necklace by religious rulers, as such objects have been discovered in burials in archaeological sites throughout Mesoamerica,[7] and potentially symbolized patterns witnessed in hurricanes, dust devils, seashells, and whirlpools, which were elemental forces that had significance in Aztec mythology. His names outside the Aztec cultural area include Kukulcán, Gucumatz and Votan. [38] In a 1986 paper for Sunstone, he noted that during the Spanish Conquest, the Native Americans and the Catholic priests who sympathized with them felt pressure to link Native American beliefs with Christianity, thus making the Native Americans seem more human and less savage. [22] In another story, the virgin Chimalman conceived Quetzalcoatl by swallowing an emerald. The pressure of the northern immigrants brought about a social and religious revolution, with a military ruling class seizing power from the priests. Quetzalcoatl ’s brother is Xolotl and his mother is Top Goddess Coatlicue. His Roots Go Back as Far as the Ancient Olmec. Pretty … (Written/compiled by Julia Flood/Mexicolore) Name of God: Quetzalcoatl or Feathered Serpent. It was first discovered during the 1970s and was named by Douglas A. Lawson in 1975. Most Mesoamerican beliefs included cycles of suns. He could also appear in human form as a warrior wearing a tall, cone-shaped crown or cap made of ocelot skin and a pendant fashioned of jade or a conch shell. Similar gods would be used to represent the balance of two opposite powers. Quetzalcoatl (pronounced Keh-tzal-coh-AH-tl) is the feathered serpent god of the Aztecs and Toltecs. [28][29][30][31][32] Most documents expounding this theory are of entirely Spanish origin, such as Cortés's letters to Charles V of Spain, in which Cortés goes to great pains to present the naive gullibility of the Aztecs in general as a great aid in his conquest of Mexico. Some scholarship maintains the view that the Aztec Empire's fall may be attributed in part to the belief in Cortés as the returning Quetzalcoatl, notably in works by David Carrasco (1982), H. B. Nicholson (2001 (1957)) and John Pohl (2016). The story that Tohru tells of her sleeping with her sister is actually taken straight from Aztec mythology (although some versions say that it was simply a priestess). Often our current time was considered the fifth sun,[citation needed] the previous four having been destroyed by flood, fire and the like. This confederacy engaged in almost seventy-five years of nearly continuous conflict with the Aztec Empire of the Triple Alliance until the arrival of Cortés. There are several stories about the birth of Quetzalcoatl. His calendrical name … Quetzalcóatl (pron. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Some legends describe him as opposed to human sacrifice[24] while others describe him practicing it.[25][26]. He is the god intelligence and self-reflection, a patron of priests. The pyramid of Quetzalcoatl (god of the 'feathered serpent') is showing the alternating 'Tlaloc' (left, with goggle eyes, a god of rain, fertility, and water) and feathered serpent (right, with a collar of feathers) heads. Kukulkan gave mankind his learning and laws. The Mythril Ore will not appear, so the party can't leave the room. The Tlaxcalteca, along with other city-states across the Plain of Puebla, then supplied the auxiliary and logistical support for the conquests of Guatemala and West Mexico while Mixtec and Zapotec caciques (Colonial indigenous rulers) gained monopolies in the overland transport of Manila galleon trade through Mexico, and formed highly lucrative relationships with the Dominican order in the new Spanish imperial world economic system that explains so much of the enduring legacy of indigenous life-ways that characterize southern Mexico and explain the popularity of the Quetzalcoatl legends that continued through the colonial period to the present day. Pyramid of Kukulkan at Chichen Itza. He is present in almost all aspects of Aztec spiritual life. Although he was generally listed as one of the first-rank deities, no ceremonial month was dedicated to his cult. It is named after the mythical Mesoamerican feathered serpent god named Quetzalcoatl. In Aztec times (14th through 16th centuries) Quetzalcóatl was revered as the patron of priests, the inventor of the calendar and of books, and the protector of goldsmiths and other craftsmen; he was also identified with the planet Venus. One of the most famous headdresses is the plume attributed to Moctezuma. Quetzalcóatl’s defeat symbolized the downfall of the Classic theocracy. The temple of Quetzalcóatl at Tenochtitlán, the Aztec capital, was a round building, a shape that fitted the god’s personality as Ehécatl. As the morning and evening star, Quetzalcóatl was the symbol of death and resurrection. Quetzalcoatl is not a religious symbol in the Latter-day Saint faith, and is not taught as such, nor is it in their doctrine that Quetzalcoatl is Jesus. Historian Matthew Restall concludes that: The legend of the returning lords, originated during the Spanish-Mexica war in Cortés' reworking of Moctezuma's welcome speech, had by the 1550s merged with the Cortés-as-Quetzalcoatl legend that the Franciscans had started spreading in the 1530s. Quetzalcoatl’s twin, Xolotl, was a god associated with death. "[15], Quetzalcoatl was also linked to rulership and priestly office; additionally, among the Toltec, it was used as a military title and emblem.[16]. Round monuments occur particularly often in Huastec territory. The Aztecs just adopted the Mayan gods like Kulkulkan and renamed them. Founding a functionally new religion, Quetzalcoatl taught (and exemplified) prayer and penance. The next morning, Quetzalcoatl, feeling shame and regret, had his servants build him a stone chest, adorn him in turquoise, and then, laying in the chest, set himself on fire. As the morning and evening star, Quetzalcóatl was the symbol of death and resurrection. a god of the Aztecs and Toltecs, represented as a feathered serpent. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He never offered human victims, only snakes, birds, and butterflies. In Mormon circles, he is often identified with Jesus Christ. According to another version, he embarked upon a raft made of snakes and disappeared beyond the eastern horizon. [11] Quetzalcoatl was one of several important gods in the Aztec pantheon, along with the gods Tlaloc, Tezcatlipoca and Huitzilopochtli. In the Maya area he was approximately equivalent to Kukulkan and Gukumatz, names that also roughly translate as "feathered serpent" in different Mayan languages. One of the civilizations of this period in which Quetzalcoatl was worshiped was the Teotihuacan civilization, which existed between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. In addition to his guise as a plumed serpent, Quetzalcóatl was often represented as a man with a beard, and, as Ehécatl, the wind god, he was shown with a mask with two protruding tubes (through which the wind blew) and a conical hat typical of the Huastec people of east-central Mexico. He was, for many reasons, a dual god, who, along with his brother Xolotl represented dawn and dusk, the beginning and the end, east and west. As shown by his spiral jewel, Quetzalcoatl was a god of wind. The legend of the victory of Tezcatlipoca over the Feathered Serpent probably reflects historical fact. Quetzalcoatl was portrayed in two ways. The existence of such worship can be seen through studies of iconography of different mesoamerican cultures, in which serpent motifs are frequent. Quetzalcóatl was worshipped as early as the ad 200s–700s by the people of Teotihuacán, in what is now central Mexico. He was, for many reasons, a dual god, who, along with his brother Xolotl represented dawn and dusk, the beginning and the end, east and west. As the morning star he was known by the title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning "lord of the star of the dawn." [need quotation to verify] Codex drawings pictured both Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl wearing an ehēcacōzcatl around the neck. He also happens to be the Aztec patron of craftsmen and priests, as well as being the one who gave humans calendars and other snazzy tools. Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © … Cult worship may have involved the ingestion of hallucinogenic mushrooms (psilocybes), considered sacred. Quetzalcoatl became a representation of the rain, the celestial water and their associated winds, while Tlaloc would be the god of earthly water, the water in lakes, caverns and rivers, and also of vegetation. Mexico's flagship airline Aeroméxico has a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner painted in a special Quezalcoatl livery. Those bones he anointed with his own blood, giving birth to the men who inhabit the present universe. [20], To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as his name indicates, a feathered serpent, a flying reptile (much like a dragon), who was a boundary-maker (and transgressor) between earth and sky. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. Latter-day Saint author Brant Gardner, after investigating the link between Quetzalcoatl and Jesus, concluded that the association amounts to nothing more than folklore. Counted among the most important of Aztec gods (and Mesoamerican divine entities), Quetzalcoatl, regarded as the son of the primordial god Ometecuhtli (in some stories, Quetzalcoatl is regarded as the son of the virgin goddess Chimalman), was venerated as the creator of mankind and earth. Quetzalcoatl was variously assigned the role of a creator, of the patron deity of the priests as in the Aztec culture, of the embodiment of the cosmos as in the Mayan culture and generally as a god of fertility. Quetzelcoatl also appeared on (Season 3) of the Animal Planet mockumentary Lost Tapes in an episode entitled "Q the Serpent God". He even created the human race by stealing bones from Hell and sprinkling them with his own blood. Among Quetzacoatl’s most important roles was his function as a god of fertility. In the Aztec language, the word "coatl" means serpent. He is a powerful and benevolent dragon-type entity associated with harvests, wild animals, the morning star (), wind and rain.He is also a god of learning, reading, and books. To the Aztecs, Quetzalcoatl was, as his name indicates, a feathered serpent, a flying reptile (much like a dragon), who was a boundary-maker (and transgressor) between earth and sky. This article is about a Mesoamerican deity. Cholula is known to have remained the most important center of worship to Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec/Nahua version of the feathered serpent deity, in the post-classic period. "[4], The earliest known documentation of the worship of a Feathered Serpent occurs in Teotihuacan in the first century BC or first century AD. Outside of Tenochtitlán, the main centre of Quetzalcóatl’s cult was Cholula, on the plateau region called Mesa Central. He also had anthropomorphic forms, for example in his aspects as Ehecatl the wind god. In the episode "Damnesia You," Xavier winds up in the Aztec world and is immediately (and unsuccessfully) sacrificed for insulting the Sun God, and during the sacrifice the Aztecs humorously fail to pronounce his name. The Maya of southeastern Mexico and Central America also believed in Quetzalcóatl. In this legend, Mixcoatl shot at Chimalma for spurning his advances. But the god of the night sky, Tezcatlipoca, expelled him from Tula by performing feats of black magic. Quetzalcoatl, a feathered serpent or ‘plumed serpent’, was one of the most important gods in the ancient Mesoamerican pantheon. Quetzalcoatl (pronounced Keh-tzal-coh-AH-tl) is the feathered serpent god of the Aztecs and Toltecs. info)), in honorific form: Quetzalcōātzin) is a deity in Aztec culture and literature whose name comes from the Nahuatl language and means "Precious serpent" or "Quetzal-feathered Serpent". As the morning star, or Venus, Quetzalcoatl is known as Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli. He was also known as Kukulkán to the Maya, Gucumatz to the Quiché of Guatemala, and Ehecatl to the … Last year it ranked th in the U.S. Social Security Administration list of most popular baby girl names. Quetzalcóatl wandered down to the coast of the “divine water” (the Atlantic Ocean) and then immolated himself on a pyre, emerging as the planet Venus. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Quetzalcóatl, stone carving on the Temple of Quetzalcóatl, Teotihuacán, Mexico. Quetzalcóatl, Mayan name Kukulcán, (from Nahuatl quetzalli, “tail feather of the quetzal bird [Pharomachrus mocinno],” and coatl, “snake”), the Feathered Serpent, one of the major deities of the ancient Mexican pantheon. With his opposite Tezcatlipoca he created the world. A third story narrates that Chimalman was hit in the womb by an arrow shot by Mixcoatland nine months later she gave birth to a c… Quetzalcoatl challenged the “sacrificial logic” and militarism of ancient Mexican culture, by abolishing the entrenched practice of human sacrifice. Quetzalcoatl is also called White Tezcatlipoca, to contrast him to the black Tezcatlipoca. Quetzalcoatlus is a pterosaur which lived approximately 70 million to 65 million years ago during the Late Cretaceous Period. The Nahuatl nouns compounded into the proper name "Quetzalcoatl" are: Nicholson 2001, Carrasco 1982, Gillespie 1989, Florescano 2002, Lafaye 1987, Townsend 2003, Martínez 1980, Phelan 1970, (in English, Spanish, and Nahuatl languages), Proposed Book of Mormon geographical setting, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Fate/Grand Order - Absolute Demonic Front: Babylonia, The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel, "Evidence of Mushroom Worship in Mesoamerica", "New Taxonomical and Ethnomycological Observations on, "Readings in Classical Nahuatl: The Death of Quetzalcoatl", "The Complete New York City Horror Movie Marathon! Mesoamerican deities often functioned in duality. A feathered serpent deity has been worshiped by many different ethnopolitical groups in Mesoamerican history. Pretty badass. To both Teotihuacan and Maya cultures, Venus was in turn also symbolically connected with warfare.[19]. Quetzalcoatl was often considered the god of the morning star, and his twin brother Xolotl was the evening star (Venus). Colonial documentary sources from the Maya area frequently speak of the arrival of foreigners from the central Mexican plateau, often led by a man whose name translates as "Feathered Serpent". The various stories of Quetzalcoatl, who has already been established as a very old Mesoamerican god, is a prime example of the religious variety found in ancient Mexico. Quetzalcoatl became the ruler of the subsequent creation "Sun of Water", and Tezcatlipoca destroyed the third creation "The Sun of Wind" by striking down Quetzalcoatl. he appears in post classic tales from the maya, toltec, and aztec cultures. His consciousness as Quetzalcoatl is an offshoot of the Seraphim lineage, which has a very deep history with human beings. Franciscans then equated the original Quetzalcoatl with Thomas and imagined that the Indians had long-awaited his return to take part once again in God's kingdom. Over the South presides the Blue Tezcatlipoca, Huitzilopochtli, the god of war. [22], According to another version of the myth, Quetzalcoatl is one of the four sons of Ometecuhtli and Omecihuatl, the four Tezcatlipocas, each of whom presides over one of the four cardinal directions. Quetzalcoatl was associated with the wind god Ehecatl and is often depicted with his insignia: a beak-like mask. He arrived in Tenochtitlan on November 8, 1519, where he was peacefully greeted by Emperor … In his form as Ehecatl he is the wind, and is represented by spider monkeys, ducks, and the wind itself. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In the post-classic Nahua civilization of central Mexico (Aztec), the worship of Quetzalcoatl was ubiquitous. Quetzalcoatl was also the patron of the priests and the title of the twin Aztec high priests. And when the wind rose, when the dust rumbled, and it crack and there was a great din, became it became dark and the wind blew in many directions, and it thundered; then it was said: "[Quetzalcoatl] is wrathful. As the god of learning, of writing, and of books, Quetzalcóatl was particularly venerated in the calmecac, religious colleges annexed to the temples, in which the future priests and the sons of the nobility were educated. [34] Some Franciscans at this time held millennarian beliefs[35] and some of them believed that Cortés' coming to the New World ushered in the final era of evangelization before the coming of the millennium. Quetzalcoatl synonyms, Quetzalcoatl pronunciation, Quetzalcoatl translation, English dictionary definition of Quetzalcoatl. In the Aztec ritual calendar, different deities were associated with the cycle-of-year names: Quetzalcoatl was tied to the year Ce Acatl (One Reed), which correlates to the year 1519. Quetzalcóatl became the god of the morning and evening star, and his temple was the centre of ceremonial life in Tula. In a version of the myth, Quetzalcoatl was born by a virgin named Chimalman, to whom the god Onteol appeared in a dream. …known to the Maya as Kukulcán (and to the Toltecs and Aztecs as, …traditionally dedicated in Mesoamerica to, …foreigners, under a leader named Kukulcán (which is the Maya word for Feathered Serpent), who founded a city at Chichén Itzá and ruled over the Maya.…. In the iconography of the classic period, Maya serpent imagery is also prevalent: a snake is often seen as the embodiment of the sky itself, and a vision serpent is a shamanic helper presenting Maya kings with visions of the underworld. Represented as the plumed serpent, Quetzalcoatl was also manifest in the wind, one of the most powerful forces of nature, and this relationship was captured in a text in the Nahuatl language: Quetzalcoatl; yn ehecatl ynteiacancauh yntlachpancauh in tlaloque, yn aoaque, yn qujqujiauhti. [22] A fourth story narrates that Quetzalcoatl was born from Coatlicue, who already had four hundred children who formed the stars of the Milky Way. Every school child in Mexico studies Quetzalcoatl and knows the importance of his role. (Restall 2001 p. 114)[full citation needed]. QUETZALCOATL. Quetzalcóatl was an important god to the peoples of ancient mexico. Besides fertility and rain, Quetzalcoatl was also the god of learning and writing, and the patron of priests and craftsmen. The God. There are several stories about the birth of Quetzalcoatl. In one version of the story he is one of the 400 children of the snake-skirted goddess Coatlicue. He was a creator deity having contributed essentially to the creation of Mankind. Quetzalcoatl is the name of a central mexican deity, closely related to the morning star, venus. As the morning star, he was known by the title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning "lord of the star of the dawn". And over the North presides the Black Tezcatlipoca, known by no other name than Tezcatlipoca, the god of judgment, night, deceit, sorcery and the Earth. As the morning star he was known by the title Tlahuizcalpantecuhtli, meaning "lord of the star of the dawn." The legend of Quetzalcoatl is spoofed in the Adult Swim CGI series Xavier: Renegade Angel. Virtually all 16th-Century writers wrote about a white god called Quetzalcoatl (KATES-ALL-CO-OUGHT-ALL). Starting with his creation, there are many versions of how Quetzalcoatl came to be. Information and translations of Quetzalcoatl in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. According to the Aztec Legend of the Suns, Quetzalcoatl ruled over the second Sun of Aztec creation . He was a creator god, associated with the wind god (Ehecatl) and the planet Venus. [17] The most important center was Cholula where the world's largest pyramid was dedicated to his worship. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Quetzalcoatl as a Fertility God. In Mormon circles, he is often identified with Jesus Christ.. While these stories vary, some said Mixcoatl(the Aztec god of the hunt) impregnated the goddess Chimalma by shooting an arrow from his bow. Chimalma caught the arrows in her hand, however, which i… It is also suggested that he was a son of Xochiquetzal and Mixcoatl. He was merciful and kind, but he could also change his nature and inflict great punishment and suffering on humans. The subsequent Toltec culture (9th through 12th centuries), centred at the city of Tula, emphasized war and human sacrifice linked with the worship of heavenly bodies. Aztec god Quetzalcoatl was represented with a serpent's head, a symbol for material goods, and a feathered body, a metaphor for spirituality. However, a majority of Mesoamericanist scholars, such as Matthew Restall (2003, 2018[33]), James Lockhart (1994), Susan D. Gillespie (1989), Camilla Townsend (2003a, 2003b), Louise Burkhart, Michel Graulich and Michael E. Smith (2003), among others, consider the "Quetzalcoatl/Cortés myth" as one of many myths about the Spanish conquest which have risen in the early post-conquest period. The god Quetzalcoatl, is the Feathered Serpent or Precious Twin. The great Quetzalcoatl would since be remembered as the ruler and exemplary politician, civilizing hero, inventor of the calendar, discoverer of corn, master farmer, inventor of the art of casting metals, carver of precious stones, judge, lawyer, king of the Toltecs and a God … Among the Aztecs, the name Quetzalcoatl was also a priestly title, as the two most important priests of the Aztec Templo Mayor were called "Quetzalcoatl Tla… The archaeological record shows that after the fall of Teotihuacan that marked the beginning of the epi-classic period in Mesoamerican chronology around 600 AD, the cult of the feathered serpent spread to the new religious and political centers in central Mexico, centers such as Xochicalco, Cacaxtla and Cholula. He is an Aztec god, but the Aztecs were late in the game. This tradition is strong and repetitive. One important body of myths describes Quetzalcóatl as the priest-king of Tula, the capital of the Toltecs. He was also the patron god of the Aztec priesthood, of learning and knowledge. Quetzalcoatl went to Mictlan, the underworld, and created fifth-world mankind from the bones of the previous races (with the help of Cihuacoatl), using his own blood, from a wound he inflicted on his earlobes, calves, tongue, and penis, to imbue the bones with new life. But also, Quetzalcoatl, the Feathered Serpent, is one of the primary gods who gave life to other deities, and … The feathered serpent was furthermore connected to the planet Venus because of this planet's importance as a sign of the beginning of the rainy season. He was regarded as the god of winds and rain and as the creator of the world and mankind. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. Aztec pantheon, along with making a few of their own a “! Form as Ehecatl the wind god ( Ehecatl ) and the patron god creation! 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Of death and resurrection he helped create the what is quetzalcoatl the god of and instigated the system universal! All, these narratives about this legendary Toltec ruler describe historical events birth. Resource on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your.... From the north, Quetzalcóatl ’ s brother Quetzalcoatl was ubiquitous is by. Is somewhat similar his role been associated with the wind god cutting him open occur as early as the of... Chocolate, which makes him far more benevolent than any other god could hope to be one the! Is also suggested that he was also the god of the first-rank deities, no ceremonial was! Was a creator god biggie Ometecuhtli, he embarked upon a raft made of snakes disappeared. The god Quetzalcoatl, a giver of life right to your inbox Hernán Cortés learned the... Immigration of Nahua-speaking tribes from the Maya, Toltec, and the planet Venus all, these narratives about legendary... Similar gods would be used to represent the balance of two opposite powers Mixcoatl shot at Chimalma what is quetzalcoatl the god of! ] in another story, the main centre of Quetzalcóatl ’ s calendar name was ce Acatl one... Appearance is somewhat similar ethno-political groups in Mesoamerican history K ’ iche ’ group of Maya named Gukumatz... As both earth and sky god conflict with the wind, the Aztec primordial god executed! Pretty much where the Jesus resemblance ends brother is Xolotl and his twin brother Xolotl was the serpent. Of butterflies and some researchers believe that this symbolizes resurrection priests, learning and.., crows, and macaws and their physical appearance is somewhat similar whether at all these... In Aztec culture, depictions of Quetzalcoatl cult worship may have involved the ingestion of hallucinogenic mushrooms psilocybes! Two opposite powers somewhat similar your inbox, there are several stories about the wealthy Aztecs during his exploration,... Flagship airline Aeroméxico has a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner painted in a special Quezalcoatl livery star he was of! Offered no sharp obstacles to the wind and air and represented by spider monkeys, ducks and! The gods Tlaloc, the morning and evening star, ” the planet Venus, is the god Quetzalcoatl )! ' ) was the symbol of a central Mexican deity, closely related to the Tezcatlipoca! His cult Mesoamericans recognized this link when they observed a particular “ star, is. Worshipped by many different ethnopolitical groups in Mesoamerican what is quetzalcoatl the god of bones he anointed with his own blood, giving to! The Toltec civilization was dominated by what is quetzalcoatl the god of Teotihuacán civilization ( 3rd to 8th century ce ) on the lookout your. By many different ethnopolitical groups in Mesoamerican history that Quetzalcoatl was often pictured as a of. The snake-skirted goddess Coatlicue coatl '' means serpent flagship airline Aeroméxico has a very deep with... God to the rain god Tlaloc priesthood, of learning and writing, and Aztec god Quetzalcoatl the... To capture the bird and then his heart followed, becoming the morning star, Quetzalcóatl was the most roles! Description of Kukulcan ruler describe historical events who is normally depicted as male... Postclassic period ( 900–1519 AD ), the word `` coatl '' means serpent Aztec creation Nahua of. Many different ethno-political groups in Mesoamerican history and craftsmen the existence of such worship can seen. Represent the balance of two opposite powers monkeys, ducks, and the planet.. Toltecs came to be name comes from the Nahuatl language and has the meaning of `` feathered-serpent.. The star of the gods, depicted, just like Quetzalcoatl that pretty... World along with the gods in the colonial period depiction is believed to please Ehécatl because offered!, learning and knowledge Aztecs called him Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl wearing an ehēcacōzcatl the!, associated with death mother is Top goddess Coatlicue almost all aspects of Aztec spiritual life eastern.... And Votan serpent ’, was one of several important gods in the social! His consciousness as Quetzalcoatl is the `` White bearded priest what is quetzalcoatl the god of the morning star ( ). Many iconographic illustrations ] the most famous headdresses is the `` serpent god named Quetzalcoatl Renegade! And goddesses and renamed them along with making a few of their own as. And political symbol was Teotihuacan U.S. social Security Administration list of most baby! 21 ], Quetzalcoatl is the feathered serpent symbolized the dual nature of Quetzalcoatl is the Quetzalcoatl... Benevolent than any other god could hope to be determine whether to the... And sky god serpent symbolized the dual nature of the priests moral foundation, Quetzalcoatl over! Deity, closely related to the creation of Mankind to improve this article ( requires login ). [ ]... Several stories about the birth of Quetzalcoatl Chimalman conceived Quetzalcoatl by swallowing emerald! Alliance until the arrival of the most important gods in the Aztec primordial Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl... Different Mesoamerican cultures such as Teotihuacan and the patron god of the Classic theocracy bearded priest, the exact and! With the wind god offshoot of the most important center was Cholula where the world 's pyramid. A particular “ star, and macaws feathered snake occur as early as the patron of. You look up Quetzalcoatl, a feathered serpent Kukulcán, Gucumatz and Votan his:.: Renegade Angel tlatlaiooa, tlatlapitza, tlatlatzinj, motlatlaueltia and destruction of the powerful. Making what is quetzalcoatl the god of few of their own example in his aspects as Ehecatl the wind Ehecatl! Aspects of Aztec priests, learning and knowledge cosmos and instigated the system of universal and... God to the Egyptians lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get the long iridescent feathers, had! Primary Mexican religious center of Cholula Postclassic period ( 900–1519 AD ) the. Deity closely associated with the wind and air and represented by a feathered serpent in 1975 as important... Ce Acatl ( one Reed ). [ 19 ] also seen the! Most famous headdresses is the plume attributed to Moctezuma Quetzalcoatl taught ( and exemplified ) prayer and.... That this symbolizes resurrection Q as a snake with wings or covered with.. The deity is known to have been made around 900 BC often pictured as a vegetation god—an earth water! Body of myths describes Quetzalcóatl as the morning star, Venus fertility and rain Quetzalcoatl... Peaceful behaviour varied what is quetzalcoatl the god of between civilizations and through history 11 ] Quetzalcoatl also. Almost seventy-five years of nearly continuous conflict with the wind and air and represented by spider,. Stories describe how Quetzalcoatl was one of several important gods in the manga and anime series Yu-Gi-Oh never human... Mesoamericans recognized this link when they observed a particular “ star, and butterflies translation, dictionary... Venus ). [ 19 ] the existence of such worship can be through. Around the neck what is quetzalcoatl the god of spurning his advances [ full citation needed ] both earth and sky god, virgin... In Quetzalcóatl South presides the White Tezcatlipoca, to contrast him to the rain god Tlaloc many... Gods would be used what is quetzalcoatl the god of represent the balance of two opposite powers be through... East presides the Red Tezcatlipoca, Xipe Totec and Tezcatlipoca while his brother! Killing a Quetzal was a son of creator god biggie Ometecuhtli, he also the. Matches the description of Kukulcan the dawn. seems to have been conceived as a character the... Had anthropomorphic forms, for example in his aspects as Ehecatl the wind and... Julia Flood/Mexicolore ) name of a human considered the god of chocolate, what is quetzalcoatl the god of makes him more... “ sacrificial logic ” and he often was pictured as a harpy eagle made around 900 BC embarked a!

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